This academic database is a result of a research cooperation agreement made between the Tsubouchi Memorial Theatre Museum, Wase
da University and the Department of Japanese Studies, University of Trier in Germany.
The database was developed by the Waseda University team based on original data compiled by the Trier University team, with significant additions and modifications made by the Waseda team to the data.
The investigation, data input and database development projects on the Japanese side were implemented as part of the "Traditional Japanese Theatre Studies (Noh and Kyogen)" program (from fiscal 2002) of the research on "Development of Research and Study Methodologies in Theatre" performed under the 21st Century Center Of Excellence Program;
the "General Research Project into Noh" of the "Comparative Theatre Studies between Japan, Asia and Europe" project (from fiscal 2003) funded under the Academic Frontier Promotion Program;
and the Database for Theatre Research (DTR) project (from fiscal 2004) conducted under a Grant-in-Aid for Publication of Scientific Research Results (Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research (Kakenhi) program).
Outline of the Database
This database consists of a collection of articles from the Nogaku journal (Nogakukan, July 1902 to April 1921) and volumes 1 to 18 of its reissued version (published by Daiichi Shobo in September 1988, call numberą¤01 661). Each article has been digitized to allow for search based on author, publication year and keyword.
As a research tool for both Japanese and international scholars, this database includes a function that enables keywords to be searched in English, and names of authors in both Japanese and English.
The keywords have been selected not only to enable search by subject, but also in such a way that they can be effectively used for research. Multiple keywords have been set for each article wherever possible so that users can understand the scope of the article from the list of keywords. In addition to subjects, personal names, play titles, publication titles, geographical place names and other proper nouns are included in keywords to allow articles to be narrowed down more precisely.
Project Members(as of fiscal 2005)
Mikio Takemoto (Executive Director of the Tsubouchi Memorial Theatre Museum, Professor of the School of Letters, Arts and Sciences)
Kazunari Hirabayashi (Special Research Student (former Visiting Research Associate) of the 21st Century COE Institute for Theatre Research)
Fumie Eguchi (Doctoral Program of the Graduate School of Education, Visiting Research Associate of the 21st Century COE Institute for Theatre Research)
Kosuke Kikuchi (Master's Program of the Graduate School of Letters, Arts and Sciences)
Kazumichi Sato (Doctoral Program of the Graduate School of Letters, Arts and Sciences)
Yuko Kanda (Doctoral Program of the Graduate School of Letters, Arts and Sciences)
Hiroki Yamamoto (Digital Archives Office of the Tsubouchi Memorial Theatre Museum)
University of Trier (Germany)
Stanca Scholz-Cionca (Professor of the Department of Japanese Studies, Fachbereich II (Linguistics, Literature))
Hoko Oshikiri (Researcher, Lecturer of the Department of Japanese Studies, Fachbereich II (Linguistics, Literature))
Barbara Geilhorn (Doctoral Program of the Department of Japanese Studies, Fachbereich II (Linguistics, Literature))
- This database may be used for academic research and educational purposes only.
- All research products quoting any part of the data of this database must cite this database as the source of the data in accordance with prevailing ethical practices.
How to Search
- Enter a search word in Japanese for the [author A], [title] and [notes] fields, and in English for [author B] and [keywords] fields, to identify an article that includes the search word. Articles can be searched for partial matches of keywords as well as exact matches.
- Search based on [year], [vol.], [no.] and [page] can also be executed. Only Arabic figures can be entered.
- When a search word or figure is entered in more than one field, an AND search is executed across all selected categories.
- Enter an asterisk (*) in the [id] field and press "Search" to enumerate all the data.
<Search results list>
- ID number [id], author (Japanese) [author A], author (Roman characters) [author B], title of article [title], publication year [year], volume [vol.], issue number [no.] and page [page] are displayed.
- Click the ID number of the selected data for the detailed description.
<Detailed search results>
- In addition to the items displayed in the search results list explained above, the keywords [keywords] and notes [notes] are also displayed.
- - Author (Japanese) - [author a]
The names of authors are displayed, in principle, as indicated in the contents of the original journals except where their names are misprinted. When the names of authors are not indicated in the contents, the names as shown with the text of the article are displayed.
However, there are some exceptions as follows:
(1)In the case of reviews and similar articles, the names of performers, rather than the authors of the articles, are sometimes indicated in the contents. If this is the case, the name(s) of the author is displayed in [author], the name(s) of the performer in [keywords] and the details of performances in [notes].
(2) In the case of danwa (informal conversation) articles, the names of the talkers are, in principle, indicated in [author], and the name of the note-taker, if known, in [notes].
(3)When there are more than one author as in the case of taidan (conversations) or joint authorship, efforts have been made to display the names of all authors wherever possible. However, for a large number of authors it is not practical to indicate every name and in these cases only the name of the main author is shown ("XXXX, et al") and the names of all the others are listed in the [notes] field.
- - Author (Romanized Japanese) - [author b]
This field shows the Romanized names of authors indicated in [author A]. Even when only the family name or given name is displayed in [author A], this field shows the full name (family name and given name, in this order). Authors who have a pseudonym and whose autonym is known, as well as authors who changed their name and thereby have more than one name, are indicated in the form of "X (= Y)" (e.g. Ikenouchi Josui (= I. Nobuyoshi)).The names of authors whose reading is not known are input in onyomi (Chinese) reading.
- - Title - [title]
The titles of articles are shown in Japanese. Obvious misprints in the originals are corrected, and explained in the [notes] field. When the title appearing in the article text differs from that indicated in the contents, or when there are subtitles, these details are explained in the [notes] fields.
- - Year - [year]
The publication years are indicated in Western calendar years.
- - Volume - [vol.]
There are 18 volumes in total. This field indicates the volume in which the article was originally published.
- - Issue number - [no.]
Issue numbers are given to each edition. They are not serial numbers assigned throughout the editions, but are sub-numbers attached to each volume.
- - Page - [page]
The pages on which the article appears. The first and last pages are shown. When the article has only one page, only one page is indicated in this field.
Asterisks indicate supplementary articles.
- - Keyword - [keywords]
Keywords related to each article, such as subjects, personal names, play titles and geographical place names, are listed in English. (Play titles and other proper nouns, as well as Japanese terms that cannot be translated into English such as "Noh," are indicated in Roman characters.) See "Explanatory Notes on Index and Keywords" below for more information about keywords.
- - Notes(notes) - [chuki]
Additional notes relating to each article are indicated in Japanese. These include the following:
(1)The names of authors other than those shown in [author]
(2)Participants, dates, times and places of hodankai (informal discussion) and zadankai (round-table) meetings
(3)Locations of data of the next consecutive article or other articles in the same series
(4)Note-takers for danwa (informal conversation) articles
(5)Titles, dates, times and places of the performances under review in the case of review articles
(6)Autonyms of authors (when known) who write under pseudonyms
(7)When the article searched is a counterargument to or reproduction of a particular article published previously, the title, author and location of data of the earlier article
Explanatory Notes on Index and Keywords
Keywords are classified into the following five categories in the index, and listed in alphabetical order.
Ⅰ GENERAL INDEX
Ⅱ PERSONS' INDEX
Ⅲ TITLES OF PLAYS
Ⅳ TITLES OF PUBLICATIONS
Ⅴ GEOGRAPHICAL INDEX
Keywords other than those in "I GENERAL INDEX" are proper nouns.
<Explanations regarding each category>
Ⅰ GENERAL INDEX
Index of general and subject keywords.
Ⅱ PERSONS' INDEX
The names of persons mentioned in articles, rather than the names of authors.
Family and given names are indicated in this order as in [author].
Noh performers often change their name in the course of their career or inherit a stage name passed down through generations of the family. Therefore, this index is designed to show both names (e.g. Sakurama Sajin (= S. Banma)) so that search can be executed for either name. In addition, schools and years of birth and death are also indicated after the names wherever possible to facilitate distinction.
Ⅲ TITLE OF PLAYS
The index of play titles. This index is further subdivided into the following four.
Explanations about these four subdivisions follow:
- The titles of Noh plays are recorded.
- Either "(new)" or '(local)"is attached to each play title when the play is "shinsaku Noh" (new Noh plays) or local Noh plays.
The titles of kyogen plays. Since kyogen plays often have different titles among schools or are often performed under different titles today, the titles are indicated in the form of "A (= B)" (e.g. Kakko wasanabe (= Nabe yappachi)" wherever possible.
- "Shinsaku kyogen" (new kyogen plays) are indicated in the same way as in "shinsaku Noh."
- The names of kogaki (special staging techniques of Noh). Kogaki should normally be classified into "staging," but because there are more than 400 keywords for kogaki alone, it was decided to create a subdivision dedicated to kogaki under the "TITLE OF PLAYS" index.
- Kogaki techniques are often referred to by different names by different schools and listing all these names would make the index overly complicated. The keywords were therefore selected mainly from among the names used in the articles while referring to "Nogaku Zensho" (Sogensha), "Iwanami Koza Noh-Kyogen" (Iwanami Shoten) and "Noh-Kyogen Jiten" (Heibonsha).
- Each term is indicated in the form of "kogaki: name of kogaki (play title)"
(e.g., kogaki: chisuji no den (Tsuchigumo)).
Note: Searching for kogaki when the name is not known
Simply input "kogaki" and the title of the play. Articles including kogaki keywords associated with the play will be displayed.
Example: To search kogaki used for "Miwa":
Input "Miwa" and "kogaki."
Number of results: 5
Kogaki keywords found: keywords : kogaki: nidan kagura (Miwa),kogaki: seino (Miwa),
kogaki: hakushiki (Miwa),kogaki: shinto (Miwa),
kogaki: kamiasobi (Miwa),kogaki: shirabayashi (Miwa),
kogaki: iwato no mai (Miwa), kogaki: iroe (Miwa),
kogaki: nidan no maitome (Miwa),
kogaki: morokagura (Miwa),
kogaki: kizamitsume no shidai (Miwa),
Titles of Kabuki plays including new plays.
Ⅳ TITLE OF PUBLICATIONS
The titles of books mentioned in articles?mainly works of classical literature-are recorded.
Ⅴ GEOGRAPHICAL INDEX
Geographical place names-mainly those listed as scheduled places of performance in the "Chiho Nogakukai" (local Noh circles) articles-are recorded. Each keyword in the index is indicated in English and Roman characters followed by their Japanese expressions in parentheses.
Related Index Database
- The extra volume of the reissued version of Nogaku-The contents of the past issues and index: The contents and index served as a basic reference material for the development of this database.
- Article search of three traditional performing arts-related magazines, a function provided on the Web site of the National Research Institute for Cultural Properties, Tokyo: Search for articles contained in three magazines, Nogaku Gaho, Yokyokukai and Makuai