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GHQ-censored Scripts from the Kyushu Area during the Occupation (Dizer Collection)

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- Outline of the Database -

This database covers about 8,300 theatrical scripts from the Kyushu area that were censored by the General Headquarters (GHQ) during the occupation after World War II. These scripts were transferred from the University of Michigan to the Theatre Museum around 1985. These are duplicates of the censored scripts that were stored at the Civil Censorship Detachment III (CCD III) then located in Fukuoka city and then sent to the University of Michigan in the United States under the instruction of Second Lieutenant William Dizer at the time of the closure of the CCD III. As the CCD III controlled the Chugoku region as well as Kyushu, a great many of the scripts used by regional troupes and troupes that performed at worksites in these regions have been preserved. The scripts are generally carbon copies, from several to dozens of ruled pages long, some of which were written in brush. The pages and cardboard covers are roughly bound with string. There is a wide range of genres represented, from popular theatre such as matatabi-mono (stories of wandering outlaws), which were typically performed by regional troupes, to worksite and union plays, to shingeki, shinpa, Kabuki, Bunraku and dramatic dance. The database also includes many scripts of niwaka improvised comedies, which are usually passed down orally and therefore rarely found in written form.
Left: A photo discovered inserted inside a script titled Magouta (Shofuku Gekidan, Omuta City) with the inscription "Noboritate-machi, Amakusa-gun, Kumamoto-ken" on the back; thought to be a shot of the audience taken during a tour around the Amakusa area. Right: The title, troupe's name, applicant's name and other information are written on the cover of each script.

- Explanatory Notes -
  • The data for each of the following items have generally been obtained from the cover of the script.
  • The names of their scriptwriters are indicated as written on the cover, even for scripts that are obviously the same as, or suspected to be adapted from, works by other scriptwriters.
  • Search items: Call number; Prefecture, City, Gun (district); Title; Scriptwriter, Dramatizer; Troupe, Cast; Applicant; Permitted/Not permitted; Period setting; Genre; Content; Date of application; Remarks on the material
  • The title, troupe, cast and applicant can also be searched by their reading (hiragana).
  • In addition to data of the above items, search results also include an image of the cover of the selected script.
  • A printed catalog of the database with data listed in the order of call number and classified by region is also presently available.
  • - Viewing Original Materials -
    *Please use this database first before applying.
    *Prior application is required to view actual materials.
    How to apply and view
    1. Identify the material(s) you wish to see including call number(s) by searching this database or by referring to the printed catalog located in front of the Japanese book counter in the Theatre Museum.
    2. Fill in an application form available at the Japanese book counter and give it to the staff.
    3. Up to 10 materials can be viewed per day. If you wish to view 11 materials or more, please consult in advance.
    4. The material(s) you have applied for can be viewed the following business day. Application can be made on Saturday for viewing on Monday (or the first business day thereafter if Monday falls on a holiday). Some materials cannot be viewed due to their condition.
    5. The material(s) can be viewed only in the Special Reading Room. No writing instruments (except pencils) can be brought in this room.
    6. The material(s) cannot be borrowed.
    7. Material(s) cannot be copied due to the need to protect the material(s) from possible damage.
    - Statement of Responsibility -
    Tsubouchi Memorial Theatre Museum
    The Censored Scripts Digitalization Project-a project undertaken as part of the Studies of Theatre Archives course for the research on the "Development of Research and Study Methodologies in Theatre" (a 21st Century Center of Excellence (COE) Program)
    - Cooperation -
    Mr. Tomoya Tanamachi (COE research partner and professor emeritus at the National Institute of Japanese Literature)
    Mr. Shigeyuki Miyata (National Research Institute for Cultural Properties, Tokyo)
    Dr. James Brandon (Professor, Department of Theatre and Dance, University of Hawaii at Manoa)
    - Workshop Records -
    (Under preparation)
    - Reference Materials -
    (Under preparation)
    ¢¨This database has been developed with the support of a grant-in-aid for 21st Century Center of Excellence (COE) Program from Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology.